Infrared Flame Sensor / Infrared Flame Monitoring

The pyroelectric detector of a flame sensor detects the typical spectral radiation of burning, organic substances such as wood, natural gas, gasoline and various plastics.

To distinguish a flame from the sun or other intense light source such as light emissions from arc welding, and thus exclude a false alarm, the following independent criteria are considered:

  • A typical flame has a flicker frequency of (1 ... 5) Hz.
  • A hydrocarbon flame produces the combustion gases carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • In addition, burning produces water, which can also be detected in the infrared range.
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InfraTec GmbH
Infrarotsensorik und Messtechnik
Gostritzer Str. 61 – 63
01217 DresdenGERMANY
Infrared Flame Monitoring, welding - Picture Credits: © arhendrix / Fotolia.com

For a flame sensor, the absorption bands for the burning byproducts CO & CO2 are set between 4.0 µm and 4.8 µm, and around 12 µm for water. The integrated detector cap in the infrared band-pass filters limits the passage area exclusively to the aforementioned absorption bands. By evaluating the flicker frequencies together with said spectral information of the gases, false alarms can be prevented effectively.

Pyroelectric standard detectors by InfraTec can detect a flame distance up to 100 m reliably even without additional optics. Especially InfraTec’s pyroelectric detectors in current mode with a chip size of (2 x 2) mm² or (3 x 3) mm² have a high signal-to-noise ratio and a very small popcorn noise. This allows for reliable detection.

Pyroelectric Detectors for Infrared Flame Sensor / Infrared Flame Monitoring

LME-352/LME-336

Single-channel, low power consumption, high sensitivity, large angle of incidence

LMM-244

Three measuring channels, a reference channel with a high sensitivity for the accurate measurement of combustion gases

Signal Amplification as Vital Requirement

For infrared flame monitoring used detectors work with integrated reinforcing elements. A reason for this are the very low charges generated in the pyroelectric crystal, requiring a preamplifier with extremely high input impedances of up to some 10 GΩ. Even at normal humidity of about 60% at an ambient temperature of 22 °C, such preamplifier circuits no longer work without interference. Therefore, it must be inside the sealed detector housing. Detectors without integrated junction field effect transistors (JFET) or operational amplifier (OpAmp) are hardly suitable for gas analysis or flame sensors.

Detector Search

InfraTec offers five different product groups including approximately 50 standard pyroelectric detectors. Choose your suitable infrared detectors with the help of our detailed detector search.

Overview of all standard infrared detectors
Sensor division InfraTec detectors overview